Subsculpture 9
Wavefunction is a kinetic sculpture comprised of fifty to one hundred Charles and Ray Eames moulded chairs (designed in 1948) and placed in a regular array of rows, facing the entrance to the exhibition space. When someone approaches the work, a computerised surveillance system detects their presence and the closest chairs automatically begin to lift off the ground, creating the crest of a wave that then spreads over the whole room. A system of electromechanical pistons raises each chair forty centimetres from the ground. The pistons are controlled by a computer that runs the mathematics of fluid dynamics, thus making the waves interfere with each other, creating turbulence or becoming calm, just like real water.

The idea of a 'function' as a field for artistic experimentation is a motivation for this piece. Other references include: the mathematics of dynamic systems, capable of generating complex non-linear, behaviours, the materialisation of surveillance and turbulence and the anti-modular reinterpretation of the work of modern designers such as Charles and Ray Eames.
Name in spanish: Función de Onda
Year of Creation: 2007
Technique: Electromechanical pistons, computers, chairs, surveillance cameras and circuits
Dimensions: Variable dimensions
Keywords: generator, tracker, sound, indoor, interactive, robotic.
Collections: Jonathon Carroll Collection (NYC) and Borusan Contemporary (Istanbul)
Photo library (click to expand)
2007 - Mexican Pavilion, 52 Biennale di Venezia, Venice, Italy



  • Conroy Badger - programming
  • Gideon May - simulation
  • Pierre Fournier, David Lemieux, Natalie Bouchard, Boris Dempsey, Paul Duchaine, Sandra Badger, Stephan Schulz, Olfa Driss, Guy Bärtschi and Justine Durrett - production
  • Vitra - production support
  • Commissioned for the Mexican Pavilion, 52nd Biennale di Venezia, 2007